With its balanced design, Gripen has an equally great a capacity to perform fighter, attack and reconnaissance missions.
Fighter actions are against airborne targets such as aircraft, helicopters and drones. Attack missions are against land and sea targets. Reconnaissance missions gather information on specific geographic areas.Low radar detectability is important, for instance, for combat aircraft developed with only attack capabilities - which most often means that customers pay in the form of lower acceleration power and manoeuvrability.
Gripen is a true multi-role fighter aircraft in the sense that the pilot can switch between fighter, attack and reconnaissance when the plane is in the air. This can be compared with early multi-role fighters, when pilots had to determine the type of mission the plane would be performing before taking off.