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Skeldar UAS Control Station

Simplicity, reliability & usability

Integrating an advanced aerial system into an existing system environment requires easy customisation and adaptation.
Björn Palmér
Director & Head of Area Tactical UAS (Acting)
+46 13 182512

The UCS is designed to secure the effective and safe use of the Skeldar system as an integrated part of any operational unit. The control station provides simplicity, reliability and usability for both users and operators. 

Simplicity

The UAS Control Station is built as a scalable system that enables operators to focus on the mission in question with a clear and simple way of controlling both air vehicle and payload.

Reliability

The system design of the UCS ensures the integrity of the information and commands while being adaptable to different configurations (installations), types of air vehicles and payloads.

Development and upgrades

Our products undergo continuous development, allowing opportunities to apply for modernisation and upgrades

Environment

When it comes to UAS products, our policy focuses on attaining long-term sustainable development by reducing the environmental impact in the field and increasing the life-cycle of our products.

Becoming a customer

As a customer of Saab’s you benefit from a complete life commitment. It is our utmost ambition to support and facilitate your use of our products and services. That is why we are always willing to walk that extra mile to develop a strong and trustful relationship.

Being a customer of ours means that you can rely on Saab’s innovative and technologically advanced state-of-the-art products. But also, it means that you can rely on our dedication and willingness to provide our entire knowledge and know-how for improving your operations. That’s what we call a true commitment.

Features

Seeing is believing

Saab has a long and successful tradition of building fighter aircraft renowned for their state-of-the-art cockpit design. This legacy is transferred to the UAS Control Station through the understanding of what it takes to develop airborne systems that let operators focus on their mission objectives, keeping them in control rather then just at the controls.

Simplicity

The UAV Control Station (UCS) is built as a scalable system that enables operators to focus on the mission with a clear and simple way of controlling both air vehicle and payload.

A single operator is required to control the Skeldar vehicle and its payload, but the operator roles (air vehicle & payload) can be distributed by users of the system to suit their organisational (personnel) structure.

Simple commands by the principle of ‘Point-and-See’ and ‘Point-and-Fly’ as well as intuitive functions and tools contribute to the ease of operation during all phases of a mission. Consequently the training of operators can focus more on tactical issues rather than technical ones.

Reliability and Compatibility Combined

The UCS is compatible with the NATO STANAG 4586, which specifies the division of a UAV Control Station into a Vehicle Specific Module (VSM) and a non-specific vehicle module called Core UCS (CUCS).

This division implies that the UCS should be configurable to control different types of unmanned vehicles through the implementation of a VSM, and to have a transparent handling of payload and mission data between the VSM and CUCS through a specified interface called DLI (Data Link Interface).

The Skeldar UCS takes this division even further by having a system design that guarantees the integrity of the information and commands sent to and from the UCS.

A Flight Safety Critical (FSC) Computer containing the VSM, implemented to Design Assurance Level DO-178B, DAL C (or higher if specified), controls all flight-critical information and controls which information and commands are sent to and from the UCS.

To ensure flight safety of the UAS, the Flight Safety Critical Computer is redundant. The CUCS software is installed onto a Mission Computer, connected to the FSC Computer, and is responsible for handling the mission and payload control, i.e. all non-flight-critical information and controls. 

Due to the separated design of flight-critical and non-flight-critical information and control, the CUCS only requires Design Assurance Level DO-178B, DAL D. The Mission Computer could be a stand-alone computer or part of an existing computer network, e.g. a C4I-system.    

Given this relationship between the FSC and Mission Computer, the system design is not only compliant with the NATO STANAG 4586, it also ensures the integrity of the information and commands, while being adaptable to different configurations (installations), types of air vehicle and payloads.

In use

Simulation evaluation

In parallel to the Skeldar system development, simulations and evaluations assignments have been made. Our UCS has been selected to act as a generic UCS for controlling different types of unmanned AVs during real-time ATC UAS simulations. The simulations featured operational air traffic controllers and UAS operators acting in accordance with published rules and regulations for air traffic through a real-time simulated environment.


Svarta Maja

Technical specification

The design of the Graphical User Interface allows a variety of screen set-ups while keeping it fully recognisable in order to minimise or exclude additional training for different configurations.

Land Configuration

Your land units, at any level of the echelon, can achieve decisive capabilities with integration UCS into the Armoured Personnel Carriers (APC) or All Terrain Vehicles (ATV) of your choice.

Naval Configuration

The UAS Control Station (UCS) has been designed to be integrated with the ship’s existing operator consoles and computers for the Combat Management System (or similar) with minimal flight safety critical hardware added. A dedicated console for the control station is naturally always an available option.

CIVIL SECURITY CONFIGURATION

The UAS Control Station (UCS) is designed to be integrated into different types of vehicles/trailers of your choice.

Facts & Figures

FLIGHT PERFORMANCE

  • Service ceiling  > 3,500 m or 11,500 ft
  • Takeoff ceiling  > 2,000 m or 6,500 ft (ISA)
  • Max speed  > 140 km/h or 75 kn
  • Endurance  6 hours
  • Mission Radius (D/L)  > 120 km
  • Takeoff and landing in less than 30x30 ft area

AIRFRAME

  • Max takeoff weight: 235 kg/518 lb
  • Main rotor diameter: 4.6 m/15.1 ft
  • Overall length (incl. rotor): 5.2 m/17.1 ft
  • Overall height: 1.3 m/4.3 ft
  • Carbon fibre, titanium and aluminium fuselage

MISSION PAYLOADS

  • Payload capability of 40 kg/88 lb
  • Mounting for multiple payloads
  • Open architecture for quick integration
  • Electrical interface of 1 kW@ 28V DC
  • MIL-DTL-38999 connectors

PAYLOAD SUITE

  • Large range of EO/IR gimbals
  • Surveillance and SAR radars
  • EW payloads
  • Communication relay
  • AIS, IFF transponders
  • Utility payloads

DATA LINK CONFIGURATION

  • Redundant control and sensor data links
  • Range: > 120 km
  • Frequency: UHF, L, S or C-band
  • Encryption and frequency hopping capability
  • Low Bit Error Rate (BER) and high probability  of error detection
  • High bandwidth enabling transmission of large amounts of data

PERSONNEL (BASIC CREW)

  • 1 Air Vehicle Operator (AVO)
  • 1 Mission Payload Operator (MPO)
  • 1 or 2 technicians

PROPULSION SYSTEM

  • 56 hp, 625 cc, 2-cylinder piston engine
  • 2-stroke engine with an operational RPM of 6,100
  • Heavy fuel, JP 5, JP 8 or Jet A1 –  enables the use of existing fuel supply chains

AVIONICS

  • Supports fully autonomous flight
  • Contingency and recovery functionality
  • Redundant avionics system
  • Built-In Test (BIT) for fault localisation

UAS CONTROL STATION (GCS)

  • STANAG 4586-compliant system design
  • Single or dual operator setup
  • State-of-the-art user interface
  • Open interface to CMS and C4ISR systems
  • Separation of flight safety critical and mission
  • critical commands to ensure integrity of data
  • Compact configuration adaptable to 
  • multiple environments
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By linking together battlefield functions and employing sensors for Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance into a joint solution under a single command, Saab’s ISTAR solutions give you timely, relevant, and accurate early warning.

Today’s ground forces are preparing for tomorrow’s demanding missions in which combat strategies must be seamlessly implemented – from open to urban terrain and through a three-block war scenario. Saab has extensive experience in supporting ground forces with solutions designed to meet the need for enhanced operational capabilities and a higher level of effectiveness.

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